Acne comes in five different forms or grades, this is a diagnostic tool, whereby your specialist can grade your acne accordingly. This is especially important when treating acne, as it is a controversial skin condition, due to the many different grades and changes that occur in the skin, in relation to sensitization, inflammation, breakouts and scarring. Once your skin care specialist has graded your acne, they are then better placed to recommend the Acne Skin Facial Treatments available, that will suit your particular skin condition. This article looks at the different acne grades and the biological processes that take place in the skin, that causes acne breakouts:
Grade 1: This is the first grade of acne treatments and it only affects the T zone, in the form of slightly oily skin, with some pimples.
Grade 2: A little sensitivity may begin to occur causing the skin to become red, with breakouts still only present on the T zone area.
Grade 3: Breakouts and pimples also become present on the areas of the cheeks, skin becomes dull and course in appearance.
Grade 4: This stage is where hormonal acne becomes prevalent in the skin; breakouts are present on most areas of the face.
Grade 5: This is obviously the most severe form of acne, painful cysts that are inflamed replace blackheads and angry, these are the breakouts that can lead to scarring if not treated correctly.
As we can see acne presents itself in the skin in very unique ways, in terms of texture, color, pimples and pustules, in order to get a closer look at acne, it is important to understand how the condition occurs at a cellular level. Our body is covered in sebaceous glands, the oil that is secreted from the glands, push up through the hair follicle. This oil then mixes with the surface lipids on the skin, creating the acid mantle that forms the skins protective barrier. The oil from the sebaceous glands is made up of many components, one of which is known as triglycerides, and it is these particular oil’s, that when combined with the P. acnes bacteria, releases fatty acids that are responsible for the acidic pH of the skin, that boosts the skins protective qualities. There is also a down side to the free fatty acids however, if the sebaceous glands are producing too much triglycerides, this is what can activate acne symptons, such as breakouts and inflammation. The P.acnes bacteria set to work creating even more fatty acids, and if the sebaceous glands detect these fatty acids, this can cause further inflammation and the painful pus filled breakouts, that are associated with acne.
There are a number of natural acne home remedies and facial treatments available, that can be complimented with resurfacing treatments, such as microdermabrasion, laser or peels, which are all very beneficial when treating scarring. The phenol peels which are the stronger grade, can have very visible results, even after just one treatment. Some people prefer to go down the more natural route, before opting for some of the more aggressive forms of treatment that involves surgery, although many surgical treatments can have very good results in completely removing scars and helping you to live an acne free life.